first_imgJan 11, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – Canada today reported its third confirmed case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), just 9 days after confirming its second case.The case was in an Alberta beef cow just under 7 years old, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) said. “No part of the animal has entered the human food or animal feed systems,” the agency said.The cow was tested in Canada’s normal BSE surveillance program, which targets high-risk cattle, officials said.The CFIA said the definitive diagnosis of BSE, or mad cow disease, was made today at the Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health in Winnipeg. An initial test by Alberta authorities was inconclusive, prompting confirmatory testing at the Winnipeg lab.Investigators have identified the cow’s birthplace and determined that it was born in March 1998—after Canada imposed its 1997 ban on the feeding of ruminant animal protein to ruminants. “Based on preliminary information, feed produced prior to the introduction of the 1997 feed ban in Canada remains the most likely source of infection in this animal,” the CFIA said.Cattle are believed to contract BSE by eating protein from infected cattle. Until 1997, both Canada and the United States allowed the use of cattle parts in cattle feed. Humans who eat meat products from BSE-infected cattle are thought to be at risk for variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), the fatal human equivalent of BSE.”Public health remains protected through the removal of specified risk material (SRM) from all animals slaughtered for human food,” the CFIA said. SRMs are tissues that are likely to contain the BSE agent if the cow is infected.The CFIA said Canada’s BSE safeguards “have been designed with the understanding that BSE is potentially present in a small and declining number of animals. This includes animals born before and shortly after the 1997 feed ban. The Government of Canada continues to believe that the ruminant to ruminant feed ban introduced in 1997 has limited the spread of BSE and remains effective.”The initial announcement of Canada’s second BSE case came Dec 30, the same day the US government announced plans to lift its BSE-related ban on the importation of live Canadian cattle. Starting Mar 7, the US Department of Agriculture plans to allow the importation of Canadian cattle less than 30 months old and destined for slaughter before they reach that age. The move was based on a determination that Canada is a “minimal risk” country for BSE.The head of USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Dr. Ron DeHaven, said today that the USDA is still confident that Canadian and US BSE safeguards provide “utmost protections” to US consumers and cattle. However, he said the agency will send a technical team to Canada to look into the latest cases.”Since this animal was born shortly after the implementation of Canada’s feed ban and to determine if there are any potential links among the positive animals, we will expedite sending a technical team to Canada to evaluate the circumstances surrounding these recent finds,” DeHaven said.”We appreciate Canada’s willingness to cooperate and assist us in these efforts,” he added. “We will continue our ongoing work with Canadian officials in their epidemiological investigations to determine the facts of these cases. . . . The result of our investigation and analysis will be used to evaluate appropriate next steps in regard to the minimal risk rule published last week.”All three of Canada’s BSE cases have occurred in Alberta. The first was discovered in May 2003, and the second was confirmed on Jan 2 of this year. The latter involved an 8-year-old dairy cow from a farm northwest of Edmonton. The CFIA said the investigation of the latest case is independent of the probe into the second case.The United States’ only known BSE case, discovered in Washington state in December 2003, involved a cow that came from an Alberta herd.USDA officials have said that the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) classifies a country as “minimal risk” if fewer than two cows for each million cattle older than 24 months are found to have BSE during the previous 4 years. Canada has about 5.5 million cattle in that age range, which would allow for up to 11 BSE cases without jeopardizing its minimal-risk status.See also:Statement by Dr. Ron DeHaven of USDA APHISlast_img read more


first_img StumbleUpon Submit William Hill-owned online gaming brand Mr Green has been told to pay £3m to the National Strategy to Reduce Gambling Harms by the Gambling Commission after it found failures in the operator’s procedures for preventing harm and money laundering.The settlement agreement consists of a £3m payment in lieu of a financial penalty and Commission costs of £10,349.77.The Gambling Commission found that Mr Green:did not carry out social responsibility interaction with a customer who won £50,000, gambled it away and deposited thousands more poundstook 10-year-old evidence of a £176,000 claims payout as satisfactory evidence of source of funds (SOF) for a customer who deposited over £1maccepted a photograph of a laptop screen showing currency in dollars on an alleged crypto trading account as adequate SOFGambling Commission Executive Director Richard Watson said: “Our investigation uncovered systemic failings in respect of both Mr Green’s social responsibility and AML controls which affected a significant number of customers across its online casinos.“Consumers in Britain have the right to know that there are checks and balances in place which will help keep them safe and ensure gambling is crime-free – and we will continue to crack down on operators who fail in this area.”Mr Green accepted that between 1 November 2014 and 7 November 2018 it did not have effective policies and procedures in place for customers who may be displaying signs of problem gambling.This led to Mr Green not always identifying and interacting with customers who were displaying signs of problem gambling and, even when the customer interaction process was triggered, there was a failure to follow up with an interaction. Where interactions did take place these were not always recorded.The Gambling Commission also identified customers who were able to gamble significant sums of money without adequate Enhanced Due Diligence (EDD) and Source of Funds (SOF) checks being conducted. A review of the top 120 existing customers of Mr Green revealed that 113 had to be closed as they failed to pass Mr Green’s AML checks.The Licensee has agreed to complete a compliance assessment of the next 130 top customers. Once this is complete it will have assessed all of its top 250 customers (measured by lifetime Gross Gambling Yield).Mr Green, which was acquired by William Hill after these incidents, recognises there have been considerable learnings from these cases and has invested in improving its AML and responsible gambling processes. Mr Green states it is also committed to working with the industry to raise standards, particularly in relation to safer gambling.Mr Green is the ninth gambling business to face action as part of a regulator probe that has led to more than £20m in penalty packages since 2018. The online casino enforcement work is in addition to the Commission’s ongoing strategy to make gambling online safer. This has included strengthened online age and identity verification, enhanced rules and guidance on identifying and interacting with customers who may be at risk of harm and the banning of credit cards.The regulator is also pushing the industry to raise standards in the areas of VIP practices, advertising technology and game design, and is currently looking at online stake limits. Share UKGC hails ‘delivered efficiencies’ of its revamped licence maintenance service  August 20, 2020 Related Articles SBC Magazine Issue 10: Kaizen Gaming rebrand and focus for William Hill CEO August 25, 2020 William Hill accelerates transformation agenda to overcome COVID realities August 5, 2020 Sharelast_img read more