first_imgYoung Nova Scotia adults will be better informed about the effects of excessive drinking through a public education campaign being launched as part of Addictions Awareness Week, Nov. 19-25. The campaign, being launched by the Department of Health Promotion and Protection and aimed at 19- to 29-year-olds, explains the physical impact of alcohol, provides advice on safer drinking approaches, and offers tips on how to recognize alcohol poisoning. The campaign also includes contact information for addiction services. “Our research shows young adults want relevant and objective facts about extreme drinking and practical tips that can help them make good decisions,” said Health Promotion and Protection Minister Barry Barnet. “That’s what this campaign does.” Research in 2005 indicated that alcohol consumption among young adults in Nova Scotia is supported by a subculture that glamorizes drinking, intoxication and alcohol-related consequences. Research indicates that young adults plan their over-drinking, but not how to deal with its impact. Most young adults were familiar with alcohol poisoning, but few knew the consequences of acute or chronic over-drinking, or what to do in an emergency involving alcohol. Young adult Nova Scotians also thought drinking and driving among their peers was still the norm, although they acknowledged that it was not considered socially acceptable. Health Promotion and Protection will follow up with a representative sample of 19- to 29-year-olds to see whether the extreme drinking public education campaign had an impact on their behaviour. “This campaign is just one facet of the work we’ll be doing with addiction services throughout the province to change the culture surrounding drinking in Nova Scotia,” Mr. Barnet said. The extreme drinking education campaign is part of the department’s ongoing efforts as it works with stakeholders to develop an Alcohol Strategy for Nova Scotia. In 2004, the provincial government identified harmful alcohol use as an important public health issue. Nearly 20 per cent of Nova Scotians consume alcohol in a way that hurts their health and well-being. It is estimated that the annual health, social, and economic costs of harmful alcohol use in this province is $419 million, or $413 for each Nova Scotian. The campaign is one of many activities planned throughout the province by addiction services at local district health authorities as part of Addiction Awareness Week.last_img read more


CALGARY — TransCanada has shut down its Keystone pipeline while it investigates an oil spill in South Dakota, the company said Monday.Mark Cooper, a spokesman for TransCanada, said a local landowner noticed signs of an oil spill around noon local time Saturday and informed the company.The pipeline, which carries about 500,000 barrels of oil a day, was shut down in minutes, Cooper said.TransCanada Corp to face just one Energy East injunctionTransCanada Corp upgraded as earnings to become less cyclical“As soon as we got that report in we immediately began efforts to shut down the pipeline and crews were immediately dispatched to the site,” Cooper said.He said it was difficult to determine precisely how much oil was spilled, though the company said it covered a “small surface area” with no significant impact to the environment observed. The company continues to investigate the source of the spill, he added.The spill was found about six kilometres from TransCanada’s Freeman pump station, which sits roughly 60 km southwest of Sioux Falls, S.D.The company said it has notified landowners and local agencies in the area as well as regulatory agencies including the National Response Center and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.The Keystone pipeline carries oil from Hardisty, Alta., east through to Manitoba before it turns south to markets in the American Midwest and U.S. Gulf Coast.TransCanada said it has notified customers that the pipeline running from Hardisty to Cushing, Okla., and to terminals in Illinois would remain shut until at least Friday, while the Gulf Coast extension of the pipeline remains active.The incident comes as TransCanada continues to push forward its proposed 4,600-kilometre Energy East Pipeline that would ship Alberta crude to New Brunswick.The company hit a major setback in its pipeline expansion plans when U.S. President Barack Obama rejected its proposed Keystone XL pipeline last November.Environmental groups had opposed the pipeline, which would have run from Hardisty to Nebraska, both because it would allow increased exports of oilsands crude and because of potential spills. read more


first_imgA new ICMM report provides a comprehensive picture of how important mining is to economies across the world, with evidence that the mining and metals industry makes its most significant contribution in the most impoverished regions of the world. The role of mining in national economies builds an understanding of the scope, scale, impact and potential of the industry to spur growth and development. Using ICMM’s original composite Mining Contribution Index, it ranks the world’s 214 economies according to the importance of mining and metals. The report shows that it is both possible and essential to strengthen the contribution of mining to economic and social development.Of the 35 countries most dependent on mining, all but Australia and South Korea are developing countries. Of the top 70, 63 are low-income countries that stand to expand their national economies through the investment, exports, taxes and employment associated with mining.“The critical focus is not on how mining can be sustainable, but on how mining, minerals and metals can contribute to sustainable development,” the report notes.The traditional approach to understanding the economic importance of mining has been to focus on the percentage that any single country accounts for in total world mining production. From that perspective, the five BRICS* countries currently have the biggest share of world production value. Uzbekistan and Turkey are rising up the production value rankings to join emerging countries such as Chile, Indonesia and Mexico.This index, originated by ICMM, demonstrates the significance of mining within each national economy. “If mining makes a major contribution to a small economy, national decision-making will be driven by the development opportunities that can flow from the mining and metals industry,” said ICMM President Anthony Hodge. “That is what we need to understand more clearly. This report increases our ability to strengthen the contribution of mining and metals to development.”The new report, like the first edition in 2012, also assesses the different ways that mining brings growth to national economies. The most important channels are foreign direct investment when foreign corporations invest in mining and metals operations; and exports of the mining products.Mining can account for 60-90% of foreign direct investment in low- and middle-income countries, and 30-60% of total exports. Taxes and other fiscal revenues from mining typically bring in only 3-20% of a government’s total revenues in low-income countries. Some very low-income countries, however, do rely heavily on mining for fiscal revenues, the DRC and Guinea around 25 and 23% respectively. Botswana, a middle-income country, draws 44% of its revenues from mining.Mining is an ancient industry that has fostered economic development since the dramatic evolutions for humankind in the Bronze and Iron Ages. In contemporary society, the critical need for mining and metals across all societies is undisputed. But this report dramatically illustrates that mining in today’s world is also a potentially powerful engine of development.The research underpins the priority of ICMM members to foster sustainable development based on a strong understanding of the role of mining and evidence of what works. “The relationship between commercial mining and the economic and social development of host countries is complex and often contentious,” the report says.“Global mining companies are large and influential institutions whose investments have the potential to generate significant economic benefits, but also to have disruptive economic, social and environmental impacts.” Positive impact is best assured by companies working together with governments and communities, using evidence and experience to plan well, and basing strategic decisions on long-term sustainability and the multiplier effects mining can have throughout the economy.This 2014 report updates and expands on the first edition in 2012. A preliminary version was released in late 2014 and the final report is now available at www.icmm.com/national-economiesPicture courtesy of Katanga Mining, DRC.* Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africalast_img read more