first_imgColumnsWhy Mandating The Aarogya Setu App Is Not The Solution To The Covid-19 Pandemic Dr Anita Yadav & Nausheen Khan7 May 2020 11:54 PMShare This – xThe recent May 1, 2020 guidelines issued by order of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) mandates[1], among other things, the use of Aarogya Setu, a mobile application released in April this year by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MIETY) Government of India. It has been made mandatory for both public and private sector employees, and employers have a duty to…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe recent May 1, 2020 guidelines issued by order of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) mandates[1], among other things, the use of Aarogya Setu, a mobile application released in April this year by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MIETY) Government of India. It has been made mandatory for both public and private sector employees, and employers have a duty to ensure strict adherence to the guidelines. It is also mandatory for all persons living in containment zones and non-adherence will invite penal action under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 as well as under Sec. 188 Indian Penal Code. A petition has been filed on 7th may, 2020 in the Kerala High Court, challenging the constitutionality of the guideline mandating 100% coverage of the app in workplaces and containment zones, arguing that the guideline is unconstitutional. It has based its challenge on the judgement in Justice K.S. Puttaswamy (Retd) vs Union Of India[2], which ruled that the right to privacy is a fundamental right of citizens under Art 21 of the Constitution, and has sought the quashing of the MHA order. In the interim, it seeks “to restraint the authorities from resorting to coercive action for enforcing the mandatory use of app.”[3] The guidelines mandating the use of the app, in addition to being contrary to India’s Human Rights obligations under international law, have raised concerns over privacy. The app continuously tracks its users’ location using both GPS and Bluetooth to alert users as soon as they come in contact with a person with CoViD-19 infection. The use of both GPS and Bluetooth puts a question mark over the necessity of doing so and does not match the standard of similar apps used around the world. The NITI Aayog has justified this tracking by saying that, the location data is not analysed individually but only on an aggregate and that GPS data is necessary to demarcate containment zones and disease clusters While these steps may be considered appropriate to some extent, there are major bypasses that the government has made while mandating the use of the app. Even if one concedes that the urgency of the situation demands a breach of the right to privacy, and that all the assertions about its illegality can be refuted, one expects a reasonable degree of protection and adequate remedies from the government. Instead, the government has in its limited liability notice on the app stated that it would not be liable if any third party gains access to the data.[4] And the integrity of government developed software was on wide shameful display when the mAadhaar app’s security issues where exposed by a French hacker in 2018. In fact, the same hacker has recently tweeted: (referring to Rahul Gandhi’s recent tweet10 on the issue which called the app a “sophisticated surveillance system”)  Team Aarogya Setu soon released a statement, which, in short, dismissed all claims about security and privacy made in the tweet and said a big “No, thank you.”  The hacker was quick to respond. He published an article[6] which explains how he gained access and was able to tweak parameters in the app to remotely get data on how many persons felt “unwell” at any given location in India which is not possible to obtain by the normal use of the app. To quote his response to Aarogya Setu’s statement: “My answer to them is: – As you saw in the article, it was totally possible to use a different radius than the 5 hardcoded values, so clearly they are lying on this point and they know that. They even admit that the default value is now 1km, so they did a change in production after my report – The funny thing is they also admit an user can get the data for multiple locations. Thanks to triangulation, an attacker can get with a meter precision the health status of someone. – Bulk calls are possible my man. I spent my day calling this endpoint and you know it too. I’m happy they quickly answered to my report and fixed some of the issues but seriously: stop lying, stop denying.” He has raised concerns over the app not being secure enough, and has resulted in a slew of tweets and retweets, some supportive of the government, which keeps repeating that it is a robust technology, others questioning these claims. SIMILAR TECHNOLOGY IN OTHER COUNTRIES Several other countries have developed similar technologies and have been using them for contact tracing, such as Singapore’s Trace Together App and South Korea’s Smart Management System (SMS), Corona 100 app and Corona Map, but they too have resulted in wide criticism from privacy experts.[7] However, one major difference is that these countries have data protection laws, such as South Korea’s Personal Information Protection Act, which provides for the right to be forgotten, and Singapore’s Personal Data Protection Act, 2012 (PDPA). Even in Italy, which faces a much worse crisis, the government has been careful not to be hasty and will be opening its app Immuni for use only once the lockdown has been lifted and it is approved by the parliament. The United States has come up with Private Automated Contact Tracing (PACT) which protects the privacy of individuals and does not need personal data for contact tracing. In the European Union, countries have been leaning toward the Decentralized Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing (DP-3T) technology which is more protective of the privacy of its users than its rival Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing (PEPP-PT). The United Kingdom is also in the process of launching a similar app under its “test, track and trace” programme but it will be testing the app first on a small population with a lower smartphone user percentage, before making it mandatory for its citizens. However, there are many concerns there too which will need to be addressed for a successful application of the plan once the lockdown is eased. ISSUES WITH THE INDIAN APPROACH A major difference in India’s approach is that, in addition to keeping the Aarogya Setu app closed source meaning the source code is not available for examination which in itself is in derogation of the National Open Source Policy[8], the Indian Government has decided to impose this as a necessary condition if one wishes to work in offices, and has made it absolutely mandatory in all containment zones. It does not respect the contemporary international norm of a consent-based data collection, and has also not followed any test-stage like the one being conducted in The U.K. before mandatory imposition. India also lacks a comprehensive data protection law. Additionally, The Terms of Service of the Aarogya Setu app has a limitation of liability clause, and the relevant part reads as follows: ” 6. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY You agree and acknowledge that the Government of India will not be liable for any claims in relation to the use of the App, including but not limited to … (d) any unauthorised access to your information or modification thereof.”[9] It precludes the government from having any liability for unauthorised access to user data on the app, effectively absolving the government of all fault in the tracking system. The above Limited Liability Clause, in saying that the government will not be liable for breach by unauthorised third parties, is also in violation of the Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000 which requires all app service providers (as intermediaries, in this case the government) “to ensure the security of the data collected” and makes them liable for any loss.[10] As pointed out above, India lacks a comprehensive data protection law. This poses a problem since the existing law does not adequately address basic issues such as the length of storage, liability for breaches, requirement of consent, duties of the collector of data and leaves a bulk of the decisions on how and till when to use the data up to the government without any fear of legal challenge. The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 remains to be passed by the parliament, and until that is done, data remains inadequately protected under legislations such as the IT Act, 2000. Breach of data may go undetected or unpunished under the current data protection regime. Advocate Gautam Bhatia in his recent analysis[11] of the legal flaws in mandating the use of the app has rightly pointed out that the guideline lacks an anchoring legislation, and the National Disaster Management Act, 2005 under which the guideline has been issued cannot be legally considered the basis for such directions as the provision invoked is an umbrella clause and if accepted, will basically entail that “the government may do anything that it believes is reasonable to achieve the public interest” “and do away with any further need for law making in toto.” It is also not clear whether the government can be allowed to impose a condition upon citizens such as giving up a fundamental right (the right to privacy, Article 21, held in Justice K.S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) v. Union of India[12] ) in order to be able to exercise another fundamental right (Right to livelihood, Art 19 (1) (g)). Some might consider this as a reasonable restriction under Art. 19 (6), some may say it is in excess of the proportionality in Art. 21, and some may say it serves public function and can be allowed to be done. The fulfilment of one fundamental right cannot be made conditional on the giving up of another. And as clearly explained above, mandating the use of the app lacks legal sanction and thus will not be a legal infringement of the right to privacy, thus it is an illegal breach of privacy and it cannot be held to be in the larger public interest either. The taking away of a fundamental right, the right to privacy in this case, needs to be based on legislation, otherwise it paves the way for rule by the executive. This debate may continue for a long time to come in the present circumstances. The fact remains that in absence of a law, the privacy infringement sought to be made through the app is absolutely unconstitutional. STATE SURVEILLANCE, RIGHT TO PRIVACY AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW Right to privacy being one of the core foundation stones of democratic society has been recognized in various International Human Rights Treaties and creates an obligation upon states for effective protection of right to privacy against government surveillance. India being a signatory of various International Human Rights treaties has an obligation to ensure full compliance with their provisions, in particular, right to privacy enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which has attained the status of customary international law, and article 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). The importance of legislative measures for protection of right to privacy under the ICCPR has been emphasised by the UN Human Rights Committee (HRC) in its General Comment No. 16 (Right to Privacy).[13] In year 2013 UN General Assembly adopted resolution 68/167 on ‘The right to privacy in the digital age’ wherein General Assembly required that “Noting that while concerns about public security may justify the gathering and protection of certain sensitive information, States must ensure full compliance with their obligations under international human rights law”.[14] There is, therefore, a clear obligation on the government, as stated in Art 51 of the Constitution, to ensure compliance with International Human Rights law standards while collecting sensitive personal data even when it is in public interest. Also, the app is based on a self-assessment mechanism and can be called self-diagnosis at best. How the government seeks to create such support for the app that each person will religiously input correct data remains to be seen. The accuracy and actual usefulness of the app’s alert system is also doubtful, since the government has so far only made claims, without much proof of usefulness. While a voluntary approach of users signing up to the app does not work effectively, making it mandatory will definitely not work either. There can be many reasons for the failure of the app’s objective. Lack of smartphones, problems with technology (people passing by on street or in different rooms will be alerted too), lack of internet service coverage, etc. There is also a general lack of trust in the government’s actions and concerns over lack of transparency shown in other situations during the pandemic such as the expenditure of the donations made to the PM-Cares Fund.[15] The app may be a constructive step, but is a fundamental breach of privacy when one is made to mandatorily give access to his whereabouts, and without proper safeguards, making it mandatory can easily be seen as just another attempt in a series of steps taken by the government to bring about a strict surveillance regime. The Aarogya Setu app and its constant surveillance features also create serious implications relating to human rights on the international level, particularly the right to privacy, freedom of movement and right to life and liberty. Given these risks, the government needs to create the right balance between human rights and state surveillance by fixing accountability in case the app fails to meet the standards of international human rights law. India can learn a great deal from the U.K. in its step-by-step approach, starting with careful testing and mandating it only if it proves successful over a small sample size, in the least favourable conditions.[16] But the inspiration must end there, since the app has generated backlash over privacy concerns in the U.K. too, just as it should. It is important that transparency be maintained while handling sensitive data, and it is the duty of the people to hold the government accountable. The South Korean example[17], which saw mandating of contact tracing technology like in India, can be seen as a holistic approach to the problem. Using technology as well as improving other areas, such as wide and free testing, quick isolation, and an overall faith in the government created by its efficient handling of contagious diseases in the past has been the country’s saving grace. India can learn a great deal from South Korea if it decides to continue the mandatory imposition, but must be careful to look at other aspects which it is simultaneously obliged to consider. Views Are Personal Only (Dr. Anita Yadav is Assistant Professor at Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi and Nausheen Khan is a 2nd year student of LL.B. at Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi) [1] [2] 2017 (10) SCALE 1 [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] 2017 (10) SCALE 1 [13] [14] G.A. Res. 68/167, U.N. Doc. A/RES/68/167, [15] [16] [17] Next Storylast_img read more

first_imgMore from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus17 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market17 hours agoInside the beach shack at 90 Seagull Ave, Mermaid Beach.“All three have been well maintained or renovated and buyers could simply move in, but it is likely that in the coming years these homes will all be transformed into more substantial properties.”A three-bedroom, one-bathroom cottage at 23 Ocean Street is for sale for offers over $1.4 million, while a mid-century fibro beach shack at 90 Seagull Avenue could be yours for more than $1.3 million.A tiny, two-bedder at 15 Tamborine Street is also up for grabs and just had its price reduced to $1.395 million.After 12 years and two kids, Melissa and Scott Lyndon have decided to sell their beloved beach house.But they hope it will go to someone who loves it as much as they do.“I hope they don’t pull it down,” Mrs Lyndon said.“I hope they do keep it and love it and enjoy it like we have.“We love the fact it’s homey, you know, and it is a beach shack and it’s not sterile … not a big concrete mass.” MEGA MANSION SELLS FOR $11M Inside the beach shack at 23 Ocean St, Mermaid Beach.Mr Henderson’s agency currently has three original beach shacks on the market in the suburb, which is rare. On the outside, they may not look too flash, but most original beach shacks have either kept their retro charm or been renovated inside.“All three homes are older style beach cottages, have two or three bedrooms, and sit on 405 sqm blocks within easy walking distance to the beach and all the attractions of Mermaid Beach,’’ Mr Henderson said. OLD AND NEW GO UNDER THE GAVEL The humble beach shack is in danger of becoming extinct in Queensland. Picture: Alan Barber.“The height restrictions in the residential areas have helped maintain that strong community feel in the suburb and have encouraged property owners to upgrade their homes without the fear that a high-rise apartment will be built next door,” Mr Henderson said.“At the same time developments along the highway have revitalised what was becoming a tired strip of shops.“The suburb has benefited majorly from the growth of the cafe culture and the area now is home to some of the city’s best restaurants, cafes and bars.”Palm Beach is also experiencing a loss of traditional beach houses from its streets.A tiny, original beach shack on the market for $3.25 million has just sold — making its former owners close to $1 million in just two years. The kitchen in the beach shack at 193 Jefferson Lane, Palm Beach.Overlooking the sand and surf, the house has panoramic coastal views from Snapper Rocks to Stradbroke Island and is within walking distance to popular cafes, shops and the local surf life saving club.Palm Beach is an hour’s drive from Brisbane and 10 minutes from Gold Coast Airport.The suburb has a median house price of $820,000, with prices increasing more than 10 per cent in the past 12 months, according to CoreLogic. The original beach shack has become a dying breed on Queensland shores.THE humble beach shack is in danger of becoming extinct in southeast Queensland as buyers snap them up only to bulldoze and build bigger and bolder versions of the real thing. Beachside real estate agents say time is running out for to secure an original beach cottage on Queensland’s coastline, especially in suburbs like Mermaid Beach and Palm Beach. But they don’t come cheap. GET THE LATEST REAL ESTATE NEWS DIRECT TO YOUR INBOX HERE Original beach shacks are disappearing from Mermaid Beach on the Gold Coast.Entry level prices for older-style detached homes east of the Gold Coast Highway now sit around the $1.2 million mark.Luke Henderson.of John Henderson Professionals Mermaid Beach said the suburb had undergone a significant process of gentrification in the past five years, driven by seachangers snapping up beach shacks and replacing them with brand new homes complete with teenager’s retreats and modern luxuries. WINTER FEAST FOR PROPERTY BUYERS This beach shack at 23 Ocean Ave, Mermaid Beach, is for sale. This beach shack at 193 Jefferson Lane, Palm Beach, sold for $3.25m.The two-bedroom abode on 412 sqm of absolute beachfront land at 193 Jefferson Lane was built in the 1970s and has barely been touched since.Selling agent Troy Dowker of Ray White-Mermaid Beach said the property had sold for circa $3 million to a local buyer, who planned to knock it down and build a luxury home on the site. Inside the beach shack at 15 Tamborine St, Mermaid Beach.The median house price in Mermaid Beach is now the highest on the Gold Coast at $1.575 million, having grown by a staggering 84 per cent in the past five years.“While the suburb has always been considered one of the Gold Coast’s most desirable addresses, there are a number of factors which have made it a stand out performer in recent years,’’ Mr Henderson said.He said the local council’s decision to protect the three-storey height limit in the residential areas while allowing for higher developments along the Gold Coast Highway had made Mermaid Beach more appealing. This beach shack at 15 Tamborine St, Mermaid Beach, is for sale. This fibro beach shack at 90 Seagull Ave, Mermaid Beach, is for sale.last_img read more

first_imgThe house at 151 Nelson St, Wooloowin, provides two levels of family living.This house is like a live-in art gallery, only none of it is self-destructive like Banksy’s Girl With Balloon.At least, we hope it isn’t.From the moment you reach the entry to the property, it is evident it is something special.The two-level Wooloowin home sits at the end of a quiet cul-de-sac at 151 Nelson St, and is not short of “wow” factor.In the dining room is a backlit slab of onyx and travertine.In the dining room is a massive slab of backlit onyx and travertine as part of a feature wall.Beneath it is a dual-fire, which also services the lounge room.The kitchen bench is made from what is said to be “rare” Green Louise marble.The kitchen bench is made from Green Louise marble.But perhaps the most stunning part of the residence are 12 panes of glass that are above a set of stairs.The coloured glass was custom-made and imported from Venice especially for the home.These panes of coloured glass were custom made and imported from Venice.More from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus15 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market15 hours agoThere are five bedrooms and three bathrooms, three family areas, and a separate studio and library.Blackbutt timber floors flow through the house, and there are all the mod-cons, from ducted airconditioning and vacuum, a security system with intercom and a Sonos sound system hooked up in three separate living areas.Looking out of the window is almost like art itself when the jacarandas are in bloom.Outdoors is an entertainment area overlooking the pool, which has a lane for laps up the side.Ray White Ascot agent Leigh Kortland said along with the artistic features of the house, the size of the large 1118sq m block was a major drawcard for buyers.Outdoors is an entertainment area overlooking the pool and backyard.“It’s on a huge block of land that flows out onto Kalinga Park,” Ms Kortland said.“That’s what makes it a bit different.”Ms Kortland said they had received strong levels of inquiry since the beginning of the marketing campaign.“On the first weekend we had it open, I had people standing at the door who are saying they’ve been looking at it for years, waiting for it to come on the market,” she said.The house at 151 Nelson St, Wooloowin, will go to auction on December 1, at 1pm.Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:44Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:44 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD540p540p288p288p180p180pAutoA, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenHow to bid at auction for your dream home? 01:45last_img read more

first_imgTVNZ One News 10 August 2020Greenpeace has today won a High Court appeal to be recognised as a charity.It comes after the Charities Registration Board in 2018 declined Greenpeace New Zealand’s application to be registered as a charity. “Today’s ruling is a significant victory for Greenpeace and all of the environmental advocacy groups and campaigners who work ensure Earth’s ability to sustain life in all its diversity,” said Russel Norman, Greenpeace NZ’s executive director. “Twelve years after applying to be a charity, the High Court ruling in favour of Greenpeace is also a win for democracy in Aotearoa. Groups like Greenpeace, which challenge undue corporate influence and stand up for nature on behalf of future generations and the natural world, play a vital role in a healthy democracy. Protest and public good go hand in hand.” “Greenpeace NZ’s main activity is to advocate for the protection of the environment,” the High Court ruling states.READ MORE: The summary of the ruling considered the Charities Board was in error in declining Greenpeace NZ’s application for charitable status.last_img read more

first_imgAhead of tonight’s trip to the Johan Cruyff Arena, the 20-year-old forward said Lille have the qualities to overcome Erik ten Hag’s side, who reached the semi-final of the competition last season.“We feel good. We have some strong individuals, but above all, we have a team,” Osimhen told Ligue 1 website.“We’re going to play a big club, they’ll be difficult to play, but we have what it takes to win it. We’re going there to win.”Osimhen was brought to Lille as a direct replacement for Ivory Coast’s Nicolas Pepe, who joined the Arsenal for €80 million, and he has justified the move with his goalscoring exploits this term.The Super Eagles described his present form as a reward for his hard work in the past years and he singled out two players who have helped him settled in well at the Stade Pierre Mauroy.Elsewhere, Barcelona have been handed a major boost ahead of their Champions League opener against Borussia Dortmund with Lionel Messi declared fit to play.The Argentine star has not featured for the Catalan giants so far this season due to a niggling calf issue but after missing the 5-2 win over Valencia at the weekend, he has proved his fitness to be included in the club’s 22-man squad.Messi returned to full training alongside his team-mates on Monday morning and will hope to get his first minutes of the campaign away at Dortmund’s Westfalenstadion.Barcelona boss Ernesto Valverde has been keen to avoid rushing the five-time Ballon d’Or winner back too soon but it appears he is closing in on full fitness.He last featured for Barcelona in the Copa del Rey final in May against Valencia but having watched from the stands as the likes of 16-year-old wonderkid Ansu Fati have taken the headlines, Messi will be keen to announce himself in style if he does return to action in Germany.Barcelona’s 22-man squad left for Germany yesterday afternoon.TUESDAY FIXTURESInter v Slavia Prague (5:55pm)Lyon v Zenit (5:55pm)Chelsea v Valencia (8:00pm)Napoli v Liverpool (8:00pm)Salzburg v Genk (8:00pm)Dortmund v Barcelona (8:00pm)Benfica v Leipzig (8:00pm)Ajax v Lille (8:00pm)Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Victor Osimhen has admitted Ajax will be a difficult opponent for Lille but he is optimistic the French team can grab maximum points on the road.The Ligue 1 outfit will commence their 2019-20 UEFA Champions League campaign against the Dutch champions on Tuesday and the Nigeria international is aiming to make his debut in the competition as well.Osimhen has enjoyed a fine start to life in the French top-flight since his permanent switch from Sporting Charleroi in July and has scored five goals in his first five outings for Christophe Galtier’s side.last_img read more

first_imgUSC is exploring the possibility of acquiring or merging with The Scripps Research Institute, a private biomedical research organization based in La Jolla.The institute boasts several Nobel laureates and has played a key role in the development of treatments for diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.“The University of Southern California (USC) and The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) are discussing the possibility of a relationship that would enhance the missions of both institutions,” Michael Marletta, President and Chief Executive Officer of TSRI, and Elizabeth Garrett, USC Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs said in a joint statement on June 17. “TSRI and USC have a shared commitment to academic excellence that will result in meaningful breakthroughs to improve health and well-being.”Carl Marziali, USC Assistant Vice President of Media Relations, told the Daily Trojan that there have been no new developments with the proposed merger since the statement was released.A private research organization, TSRI receives the bulk of their funding through federal grants from the National Institutes for Health and contracts with pharmaceutical companies who benefit from their research.With federal funding dwindling, the institute would need to receive major private donations to remain financially sound. A collaboration with USC would give TSRI access to ample funds from USC’s $6 billion fundraising campaign, $3 billion of which has already been raised.The San Diego Union-Tribune, the paper that first broke the story, reported that many employees at TSRI are disgruntled by the news of the proposed merger.In an email to Marletta, ten department chairs and a dean expressed their concern about the merger, saying it would negatively impact the culture of the institute.“[TSRI] is a singular source of biomedical advances and commercial efforts for the common good,” they wrote. “This singular success is an outgrowth of the culture at Scripps that nurtures ideas, risk-taking and scientific entrepreneurship, and a strong sense of collaboration and collegiality. We believe that the proposed path with USC would destroy much of what has been built and what we and others in the community value so much.”last_img read more

first_imgKick-off in Swansea is at 12:30.The rest of today’s matches in the Premier League will kick-off at 3 o’clock this afternoon.Chelsea makes the trip to Hull while Sunderland hosts West Brom at the Stadium of Light.Watford goes up against Bournemouth and Middlesbrough travel to face West Ham. After their Merseyside rivals Everton were held to a 1-all draw by Crystal Palace last night, the Reds could climb up to second place in the table with a win today over Swansea at the Liberty Stadium.Under Jurgen Klopp, Liverpool has enjoyed an impressive start to the season, which has led to speculation that they could be title contenders.The German says that there’s still a lot of work to get through before they can start thinking that way…last_img read more

first_imgAll systems are a go in the construction of the new Dawson Creek Calvin Kruk Centre for Arts.Friday morning, the city of Dawson Creek held a ribbon cutting ceremony, signifying the beginning of the renovation process, converting the historic downtown post office into the brand new centre for arts.- Advertisement -The tender for the construction of the centre was awarded to a lower mainland company named Preview Builders International INC, who presented a bid of $8,863,984 to the Dawson Creek City Council on March 16.According to Dawson Creek Mayor Mike Bernier, construction has already begun and the city estimates the centre will be completed by December, 2011.Mayor Bernier, who has been involved in the entire four year development process, says the new centre will be very beneficial to the city of Dawson Creek.[asset|aid=3575|format=mp3player|formatter=asset_bonus|title=34213fe2408f4e5eff019bb4bcf6bc5f-Mayor Bernier_1_Pub.mp3]  Advertisement The Calvin Kruk Centre for Arts is being built in hounor of Calvin Kruk, the late mayor of Dawson Creek.last_img read more

first_img11 August 2006South African aerostructures manufacturer Aerosud has been awarded a US$20-million (approximately R138-million) contract by BAE Systems to produce components for the Eurofighter Typhoon, one of the most advanced swing-role fighters in operational service today.This contract, announced this week, is the latest BAE Systems order placed with Aerosud under a $100-million strategic partnership formed between the two companies in 2004.Europe’s largest defence contractSet to run for at least six-and-a-half years, the contract encompasses the manufacture of up to 3 500 detail parts and minor assemblies for the Typhoon, Europe’s largest defence contract.Developed by leading aerospace companies Alenia Aeronautica, BAE Systems, EADS in Germany and EADS in Spain, the Typhoon will provide a cornerstone of Nato’s defence capability for the next 30 years. It has recently gone into service in four European air forces, and boasts the largest confirmed production contract order book of any “next generation” fighter.The Typhoon’s four partner countries – Germany, Italy, the UK and Spain – plan to take delivery of 620 aircraft altogether, with an additional order for 18 units signed with Austria.Transatlantic aerospace company BAE Systems is a supplier of Hawk and Gripen fighter and trainer aircraft to the South African Air Force under SA’s multi-billion rand arms procurement programme.BAE Systems MD Mike O’Callaghan said in a statement on Monday that his company’s partnership with Aerosud went beyond its “offset” obligations arising from SA’s Hawk and Gripen procurements, “acting as a catalyst for growth in South Africa’s aerospace industry”.Aerospace industry on a rollThe Eurofighter contract is the latest in a string of successes for Aerosud and, more generally, for South Africa’s fledgling aerospace industry, which is attracting billions of rands of foreign work.“Companies like Aerosud, Denel, Saab and Aerospace Monitoring Systems, among others, are securing orders to design and manufacture hi-tech parts for state-of-the-art civilian and military aircraft from international giants like Airbus, BAE Systems and Boeing,” Roger Makings wrote in the Sunday Times in February.The impetus for the resurgence in aerospace work, according to Makings, comes mainly from the government’s decision to acquire eight A400M military transport aircraft from Airbus. SA is a risk-sharing partner in the Airbus A400M programme, with Denel and Aerosud the two lead local industry participants.“In addition, work is flowing in from the ever-growing order book for civilian Airbus products like the A320 family and the giant A380 airliner,” Makings notes.Besides its Airbus and BAE Systems contracts, Aerosud has contracts with Boeing, Augusta-Westlands and almost a dozen airlines together worth more than R4-billion and with a life expectancy of more than five years.“Aerosud now has 15 renewable contracts of global origin, all blue chip with key original equipment manufacturers, and secured on a competitive tender basis,” Aerosud MD Paul Potgieter told the Sunday Times.“These successes are forcing on us growth from 340 staff to more than 700 over the next two years, with factory floor space being more than doubled to around 16 000 square metres.”The Typhoon order, Potgieter said this week, “supports our ambition to become established as a strong, reliable and credible supplier of niche services and products in an increasingly competitive global market.” reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

first_img21 November 2012South Africa’s Coega industrial development zone (IDZ) raked in R4.1-billion in new investments in 2011-12, exceeding its targeted number of new investors, the Coega Development Corporation (CDC) says in its annual report.“The current value of operating investments and those in the pipeline now exceeds R15-billion, the bulk of which comprises alternative energy (R6.4-billion), downstream metals (R4-billion), and automotive manufacturing and components (R3-billion),” the state-owned company said in a statement on Wednesday.The Coega IDZ is located adjacent South Africa’s new deep-water Port of Ngqura, near Port Elizabeth, which falls under the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality.The CDC, tasked with attracting investors and tenants to the IDZ and the Nelson Mandela Bay Logistics Park, has signed 36 lease agreements with investors since its inception. The IDZ and logistics park had 21 operating investors as of 2011-12.Tabling the CDC’s annual report in the Bhisho legislature in the Eastern Cape earlier this month, chief executive Pepi Silinga said the National Treasury’s budget allocations to the CDC had been reduced from R626-million in 2010-11 to R336-million in 2011-12 as the organisation moved to generate income outside of the government’s grant.“Starting with self-generated revenue of less than R10-million in 2004, last year the CDC generated just over R220-million, which represents about 70% of the grant funding received from government and is a major achievement in the light of South Africa’s continuing power crisis and the ongoing global economic turmoil.”The CDC’s revenue totalled R579-million for 2011-12 (compared to R773-million in 2010-11), while total assets as of 31 March 2012 were R3.88-billion (R3.7-billion in 2010-11).Silinga said that 8 898 jobs had been created in the course of the financial year, made up of 7 258 jobs in provincial and IDZ construction activities, and 1 640 direct operational jobs in IDZ and logistics park investment projects.The CDC had also stimulated growth for small businesses in the Eastern Cape, which had benefited from a 31% overall share of the company’s procurement.SAinfo reporterlast_img read more